De Stijl was a Dutch art and architectural movement that had a significant influence on modern design and 20th-century abstract art. Founded in 1917 by painter Theo van Doesburg, De Stijl was mainly composed of artists and architects who sought to create a universal visual style using simple geometric shapes and primary colors. Members of the movement were strongly influenced by abstraction and constructivism, and they believed that art and architecture should be used to create a more just and harmonious society. In painting, De Stijl artists often used simple geometric shapes and primary colors to create abstract and minimalist compositions. The movement was active until 1931, but its influence is still clearly visible in art and design today. Here are some famous artists associated with the De Stijl movement :
* Piet Mondrian: famous for his abstract paintings composed of straight lines and primary colors.
* Gerrit Rietveld: famous for his furniture designs and architectural achievements that used simple geometric shapes and primary colors.
* Vilmos Huszar: a Hungarian painter who was an active member of the De Stijl movement and contributed to its magazine as an editor and contributor.
* Bart van der Leck: a Dutch painter and graphic designer who was one of the first members of the De Stijl movement and was known for his abstract paintings using primary colors and simple geometric shapes.
Piet Mondrian, born Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan on March 7, 1872 in Amersfoort, Netherlands, was a Dutch painter known for his work in the movement of geometric abstraction. He studied painting at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in The Hague before beginning to paint landscapes and genre scenes using a naturalistic color palette. In the early 20th century, Mondrian began to explore theoretical art and joined the De Stijl group, which sought to create a new form of art based on simplicity and abstraction. He adopted a strictly geometric approach in his work, using straight lines and primary colors to create rigorous visual compositions. His most famous works include "Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue" and "Broadway Boogie Woogie", which were influenced by the concrete and optical art movements. Mondrian continued to paint and exhibit his work until his death in New York in 1944. His contribution to geometric abstraction and modern art is undeniable.