The School of Paris is an artistic movement that took place in Paris in the early 20th century. It brings together a group of international artists who chose to live and work in Paris, and were influenced by the advances of Impressionism and Fauvism. The artists of the School of Paris explored various styles and techniques, and were at the forefront of Expressionism, Abstraction, and Cubist art. They were also very active in the artist circles, exhibitions, and salons of Paris. This movement created a formidable artistic and cultural emulation between foreign and French artists. The 1950s marked the end of the peak period of this movement, although some artists associated with the School of Paris continued to exert their influence after this date. The most famous artists of this movement include Amedeo Modigliani, Chaim Soutine, and Kees van Dongen.
Pierre Soulages was a French painter and sculptor born on December 24, 1919 in Rodez. He grew up in an artistic environment, with his father being a painter and his grandfather a sculptor. He began studying painting at the School of Fine Arts in Toulouse at the age of 15, before continuing his studies in Paris. Soulages was influenced by many artistic movements, including lyrical abstraction and geometric abstraction. However, he developed his own style, known as "outrenoir" (beyond black), which emphasizes the use of black color and light to create dramatic visual effects. He had his first solo exhibition in 1947 and quickly gained international reputation. His works have been exhibited in many museums and galleries around the world, and he has received numerous awards and distinctions, including the National Grand Prize for Painting in 1985 and the Gold Medal for French Merit and Devotion in 2012. In addition to painting, Soulages also worked in sculpture and drawing. He continued to paint and exhibit his work until his death on October 26, 2022. He is considered one of the greatest French painters of the post-war period.