Joan Miró was a 20th century Spanish artist, known as one of the most important representatives of Surrealist art. Born on April 20, 1893 in Barcelona, Spain, Miró grew up in a bourgeois family and began studying art at the age of 14. He studied at the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona and was influenced by the Cubist and Dadaist movements. Throughout his career, Miró explored many styles and techniques, including abstraction and Surrealism. His most famous works include paintings such as "The Harlequin's Carnival" and "The Ladder of Escape," as well as bronze sculptures like "Woman, Bird, Star." Miró was also known for his drawings, prints, and graphic works. Miró worked on many projects in collaboration with other artists and designers, including the decoration of the Paris Opera and the International Exposition in Barcelona. In addition to his artistic career, he also taught and held workshops at several institutions, including the Académie Ranson in Paris and Harvard University in the United States. Miró passed away on December 25, 1983 in Palma de Mallorca in Spain.

Year of birth : 1893
Year of death : 1983
Nationality : Spain
Pictorial movement : Surréalisme ; Art Abstrait
Famous works : Le Carnaval d'Arlequin ; Paysage Catalan ; La terre labourée ; Bleu II ; La Ferme ; Mai 1968